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Iowa Department of Human Rights


​Federal Laws Impacting Iowa's Refugee & Immigrant Communities

The Immigration and Nationality Act (INA(1952) - The INA collected many provisions and reorganized the structure of immigration law. The INA has been amended many times over the years and contains many of the most important provisions of immigration law.

INA, as amended in 1965 - Full Text

 - History of the INA. (Source: Migration Policy Institute)  - The law, known as the Hart-Celler Act for its congressional sponsors, literally changed the face of America. It ended an immigration-admissions policy based on race and ethnicity, and gave rise to large-scale immigration, both legal and unauthorized.

Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act (1975) - The Indochina Migration and Refugee Assistance Act, passed on May 23, 1975, under President Gerald Ford, was a response to the Fall of Saigon and the end of the Vietnam War. Under this act, approximately 130,000 refugees from South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia were allowed to enter the United States under a special status, and the act allotted for special relocation aid and financial assistance.